Medical - Surgical Nursing Journal

Published by: Kowsar

Investigating the Effect of Perineal Heating Pad on the Frequency of Episiotomies and Perineal Tears in Primiparous Females

Fatemeh Alihosseni 1 , * , Parvin Abedi 2 , Pourandokht Afshary 3 , Mohammad Reza Haghighi 4 and Najva Hazeghi 5
Authors Information
1 Master Degree of Midwifery Practitioner, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
2 College of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Coach of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
4 Assistant of Statistic, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
5 Master Dgree of Midwifery Practitioner, Midwifery Clinic, Shiraz, Iran
Article information
  • Medical - Surgical Nursing Journal: February 2018, 7 (1); e82588
  • Published Online: August 4, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: July 25, 2018
  • Accepted: July 29, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/msnj.82588

To Cite: Alihosseni F, Abedi P , Afshary P , Haghighi M R , Hazeghi N . Investigating the Effect of Perineal Heating Pad on the Frequency of Episiotomies and Perineal Tears in Primiparous Females, Med Surg Nurs J. 2018 ; 7(1):e82588. doi: 10.5812/msnj.82588.

Copyright © 2018, Medical - Surgical Nursing Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
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