Evaluation of the effect of premedication on pain severity and hemodynamic status of patients undergoing coronary angiography

AUTHORS

Ferdos Pelarak 1 , Shilan Azizi 1 , Hamideh Mashalchi 2 , * , Behrooz Tiznobeyk 1 , Marzieh Shayestehfard 1 , Leila Fakharzadeh 1 , Mohsen Haghighizadeh 1 , Narges Sadeghi 1

1 Iran

2

How to Cite: Pelarak F , Azizi S , Mashalchi H , Tiznobeyk B , Shayestehfard M , et al. Evaluation of the effect of premedication on pain severity and hemodynamic status of patients undergoing coronary angiography, Med Surg Nurs J. 2017 ; 5(3):e67996.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Medical - Surgical Nursing Journal: 5 (3); e67996
Published Online: February 19, 2017
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 26, 2018
Accepted: January 29, 2017

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Abstract

Background: As a stressful invasive procedure, angiography causes pain and several hemodynamic changes in patients. Various forms of premedication are used to reduce these complications; however, there is no consensus on their effectiveness. This study aimed to determine the effect of premedication on pain severity and hemodynamic status of patients undergoing coronary artery angiography.

Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on candidates for coronary angiography, who referred to Ganjavian Hospital of Dezful, Iran, in 2012. In total, 102 patients were selected through convenience sampling and randomly divided into three groups of 34 cases. The first group was intravenously administered 4 mg of chlorpheniramine, whereas the second and third groups were intravenously injected 5 mg of diazepam and 2 mg of normal saline, respectively, 30 minutes before angiography. Pain intensity and hemodynamic status of the patients were evaluated and recorded before, during, and after angiography. Data collection was carried out using visual analogue scale and hemodynamic status registration form. Data analysis was performed in SPSS, version 19, using Chi-square, One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Friedman, Kruskal-Wallis, and repeated measures ANOVA.

Results: In this study, pain increased in all the three groups after angiography (P<0.001); however, this difference between the groups was not significant. On the other hand, heart rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate decreased after the angiography (P<0.001). This difference was only significant regarding systolic (P=0.03) and diastolic (0.02) blood pressures and heart rate (P=0.04) of patients on the fourth 15 minutes after the angiography.

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, no significant difference was observed between the groups in terms of the effect of different types of premedication on pain severity and hemodynamic status. Future studies are recommended to evaluate the effect of premedication during other invasive procedures.

Keywords

Premedication Pain Hemodynamic status Coronary artery angiography

© 2017, Medical - Surgical Nursing Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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