The perceived pain of myocardial infarction in patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus

AUTHORS

narges Saber , *

How to Cite: Saber N. The perceived pain of myocardial infarction in patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus , Med Surg Nurs J. 2014 ; 3(1):e87733.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Medical - Surgical Nursing Journal: 3 (1); e87733
Published Online: May 19, 2014
Article Type: Abstract
Received: December 17, 2018
Accepted: February 04, 2014

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Abstract

Background and Objective: Diabetes mellitus is an important risk factor for heart diseases. Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy as a diabetes mellitus complication can impair recognition of myocardial ischemia or infarction. This study aimed to compare the quality of perceived myocardial infarction (MI) pain in patients with or without type 2diabetes mellitus. Materials and Method: In this analytic cross-sectional study, 180 patients with or without type 2diabetes mellitus with acute myocardial infarction were included. They were selected from 3 hospitals of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2011 by non-randomized convenience sampling. We used researcher-made forms for selecting the samples, recording demographic variables, history and present disease such as pain characteristics, the electrocardiogram and laboratory results, and also standard visual numeric scale (Mc-Melzac questionnaire) for assessing the presence and intensity and location of pain. Data were analyzed usingindependent t, chi-squared, and Mann-Whitney tests in SPSS17 software. Results: 76.4% of subjects were men, 50.6% were with and 49.4% without type 2 diabetes mellitus. Although the mean of intensity of pain of myocardial infarction in patients with diabetes was lower than those without it, but these differences were not statistically significant. There was no statistically difference between the two groups in type, location, radiation, duration and type of myocardial infarction. There was no relationship between the perceived pain intensity and duration of diabetes or history of myocardial infarction. Conclusion: The results of this study on the characteristics of the location of infarction and its severity and duration and pain location and its distribution showed no difference between the patients with a 5-years history and without type 2 diabetes mellitus. Due to the constraints of this cross-sectional and importance of pain in diagnosis of myocardial infarction, more studies with more control and patients with history of type 2 diabetes longer than 5 years is recomended.

Keywords

Chest pain type 2 diabetes myocardial infarction

© 2014, Medical - Surgical Nursing Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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