Effect of wives group training on activities of daily living and quality of life in male patients with spinal cord injury

AUTHORS

farhad Kahrazei , *

How to Cite: Kahrazei F . Effect of wives group training on activities of daily living and quality of life in male patients with spinal cord injury , Med Surg Nurs J. 2015 ; 4(1):e88126.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Medical - Surgical Nursing Journal: 4 (1); e88126
Published Online: November 19, 2015
Article Type: Abstract
Received: December 23, 2018
Accepted: July 16, 2015

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Abstract

Background and Objective: Spinal cord injury as a debilitating disorder has multiple physical and psychological consequences and can affect on the ability to perform daily activities and all indexes of quality of life. The aim of present study was to determine the effect of wives group training on activities of daily living and quality of life in male patients with spinal cord injury.

 Materials and Method: In this quasi-experimental study, 60 patients with spinal cord injury and their wives were purposively selected and then were randomly allocated into two intervention and control groups. Data collection tools including quality of life questionnaire (SF-36) and Barthel index of activities of daily living. Wives of male patients in intervention group participated in 6 group sessions of educational program. Data analysis was done through SPSS 21 and using paired T-test and multivariate analysis of covariance.

 Results: Results showed that the wives training caused improvement in quality of life of patients with spinal cord injury in physical aspect (38.085.14, p=0.001) and psychological aspect (60.338.38, p=0.001). It also improved the ability of patients in daily activities (44.1613.92, p= 0.01).

 Conclusion: According to chronic nature of spinal cord injury, participation of patients’ wives in educational programs can cause improvement in their quality of life and daily activities. Therefore it is recommended to participate them in care plan through training.

Keywords

Group training wives quality of life activities of daily living spinal cord injury

© 2015, Medical - Surgical Nursing Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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