Self care ability of women with diabetes who suffered from peripheral neuropathy and its related needs based on Orem’s self-care model

AUTHORS

zohre Ahrari , *

How to Cite: Ahrari Z. Self care ability of women with diabetes who suffered from peripheral neuropathy and its related needs based on Orem’s self-care model, Med Surg Nurs J. 2015 ; 4(3):e88214.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Medical - Surgical Nursing Journal: 4 (3); e88214
Published Online: August 19, 2015
Article Type: Abstract
Received: December 24, 2018
Accepted: January 07, 2015

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Abstract

Background and Objective: Diabetes is associated with many complications that one of these complications is neuropathy. This disease is more common in women. In cases of self-care deficit and not meeting its related needs, the disease can lead to complications and even death. This study was done to determine the self care ability of diabetes women with peripheral neuropathy and its related need based on Orem self care model.

Materials and Method: This cross - sectional study was conducted on women with diabetic peripheral neuropathy who referred to diabetes clinic in one of the hospitals in Gonabad in 2014. 120 patients were selected by convenience sampling. Patients’ neuropathy was determined by Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument and Toronto Clinical Neuropathy Score. Then, data were gathered through using self care needs assessment questionnaire and self care ability questionnaire based on Orem self care model. Data analysis was done through using descriptive statistical test and chi-square test with in SPSS 17.

Results: The self care ability of 71.7 percent of patients was weak (33.72 ± 8.48) and according to needs assessment and in domains of knowledge, attitude and performance, 10.8, 0.8 and 52.5 percent of subjects were weak respectively.

Conclusion: According to the findings, the self care ability of diabetic women with peripheral neuropathy was weak. The domain of performance was weaker than attitude and knowledge domains concerning the self care ability. Therefore, it is recommended to design and implement of necessary measures for improving the patients’ self care ability based on their needs.

Keywords

Self care Neuropathy Diabetes Women Need assessment Orem’s self care Model

© 2015, Medical - Surgical Nursing Journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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